Qu'est-ce qu'une refutation?

Anatol Lieven's article "Qu'est-ce qu'une nation?" (Fall 1997) is, like the curate's boiled egg in the old Punch cartoon, good in parts.

Noel MalcolmAnatol Lieven

Albania's Cappuccino Coup

The Albanian ex-communists' victory represents a startling success for a coalition of interests that is sure to gain strength and momentum. Today, Albania; tomorrow, other European countries sleepwalking their way to self-destruction.

Jonathan Sunley

Doing Well by Doing Good

Americans have never stopped asking themselves what sets them apart from the rest. Rightly so. America was different in its formative years, and it's different now.

Stalin, An Incompetent Realist

Marxists are not alone in stressing that the wellsprings of a state's foreign policy almost always come from its domestic social, economic, and political systems, a perspective that has been reinforced by the recent arguments.

Being Blunt

The book is a novel, one of several by Mr. Banville, and yet as Knopf's classification suggests (and as it seems, in keeping with the literary rage these days), it is not to be taken as a novel only.

Not-So-Innocents Abroad

Gilles Kepel's internationally respected expertise in Islamic matters simply does not extend to their infusion within Western politics and society.

Yeltsin: the Problem, Not the Solution

Too much of Western energy, resources, and political capital has been sunk into schemes whose primary goal is propping up Yeltsin's regime, while not listening to what Russians themselves want and need.

Peter Rutland